Friday, 15 November 2013

First an abuse, then an apology

None of us may have seen such filth being spewed  on the streets of our country in the past history since independence , that was seen gush out in AAP campaign recently   . Politics , I always term it as a dirty game and I doubt one can remain dirt free once one has taken a plunge into it. And Arvind Kejriwal is best illustration one can see , a man who hijacked Anna's revolution to fulfil his desire to get into  politics . I wonder where he would be had he not been a member of Anna's core group ? I totally agree with him when he says  " One needs to get into the system to clean the system "  but it was not required ,certainly not at the cost of killing a revolution that could have taken the Indian politics to a different platform but for him his aspirations were more imp than any thing else .He made  politics  an abuse  that people will remember for many years to come. A  smart head  that he is , being an IAS  officer gave him an edge over Anna , a simple soul who thought he could clean the system by his simplicity and he would have actually succeeded  had he kept away from vultures like Kejriwal and party .Anna's movement died down but Kejriwal rose to heights with a kick start he got from Anna's revolution and hit a  different realm. His over confidence has made him arrogant who seems to have forgot ton that our residue belongs to the earth so one should remain grounded in all circumstances  . He feels he is the most sought after politician in the country which  probably will be proven after people of Delhi have given their mandate .

When I look at or think of a broom I relate it with dirt  and that he is .and was proven by his party recently at one of their campaign meet carried out by Shazia Ilmi former journalist and at present member and nominee from AAP and Rajiv of Roadies. Rajiv known for his abusive language spewed all the abuse that he had  piled up in his chest in the campaign and Shazia was seen applauding the remarks  as loudly as Rajiv abused. Though later both of them came out and made a public apology on National Television but by that time Shazia had dented not only her own image but also AAP 's image to a great extent And surprisingly rather than regretting the remarks Arvind Kejriwal took it so casually I wonder can we allow people with that kind of mind set  rule our country .Please click the link to watch video

Though I am not a supporter of AAP but I admire all the upcoming politicians who are of different league and that's how I looked at Shazia.But she lost all the dignity and respect in my eyes and for that matter in the eyes of several people like me. Why do this young brigade of politicians forget that Indian youth is too smart to get carried away by the traditional ways of politics that thy are trying to resort to .. For me its ts disgusting to  watch Modi being compared with Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and AAP 's filth full  campaign . I wonder if they really know how dignified were the politicians and revolutionaries who designed the architecture of this country. I am sure they must be happy to remain the past of this country after watching the upcoming generation of politicians who can only be described as a mere DISGUST.

Disclaimer I do not vouch for authenticity of the video
This post is not meant or hurt any ones sentiments

Thursday, 1 March 2012

nehru/gandhi dynasty and their contribution

Nehru/ Gandhi family has always been on target by the opposition and criticised for their dynasty rule which i totally disagree with.what surprises me the most  , that they tend to  forget the contribution made by the family in  freedom movement of India and the lives they sacrificed for the are certain details from the history that i would like to share about this family, that makes this family stand out from rest of the lot ,the political leaders

Motilal Nehru  an early Indian freedom fighter and leader of the Indian National Congress ,a patriarch of India's most powerful political family, born in Delhi, to a Kashmiri Brahmin family,he twice served as President of the Congress Party. He was also arrested during the Non-Cooperation Movement. . Motital joined the Swaraj Party, which sought to enter the British-sponsored councils, if only in order to wreck the government. The party failed however, and Motilal returned to the Congress. The entry of Motilal's glamorous, highly-educated young son Jawaharlal Nehru into politics in 1916, created a celebrative atmosphere, giving birth to the most powerful and influential Indian political dynasties.

Motilal Nehru chaired the famous Nehru Commission in 1928, that was a counter to the all-British Simon Commission. Nehru's Report, the first constitution written by Indians only, conceived a dominion status for India within the Empire, akin to Australia, New Zealand and Canada. It was endorsed by the Congress Party, but rejected by more radical Indians who sought complete independence, and by many Muslims who didn't feel their interests, concerns and rights were properly represented. Motilal Nehru's age and declining health kept him out of the historic events of 1929-1931, when the Congress adopted complete independence as its goal and when Gandhi launched the Salt Satyagraha. He was arrested in 1930, however, after his son was arrested. He died on February 6, 1931. Nehru is largely remembered for being the patriarch of India's most powerful political family that has produced three Prime Ministers and still controls the Congress Party

 Jawaharlal Nehru  born into politics , being a son of veteran Congressman and committed to the cause of India's freedom for a very long time.   He  realised that the direct application of Socialist measures would not suit India's socio-economic profile. It was at that time that he found a direction in the mode of civil resistance as preached by Gandhi. Gandhi's success in Champaran and Ahmedabad renewed and established his belief in Satyagraha.  he decided to whole-heartedly commit himself to the cause of Indian freedom.The first big involvement of Jawaharlal Nehru came at the onset of the non-cooperation movement in 1920.  Nehru was arrested on charges of anti-governmental activities and was released a few months later. In the rift formed within the Congress following the sudden closure of the non-cooperation movement after the Chauri Chaura incident, Nehru remained loyal to Gandhi's camp and denied to join the Swaraj Party formed by Motilal Nehru and CR Das. After his release, Nehru's fame as a dynamic Congress leader was well-established. He soon became the President of the Allahabad Congress Committee in 1923.  Nehru was intent on complete freedom and believed in giving an ultimatum to the British Government to grant India dominion status.

The Lahore Congress of 1929 was monumental in the political career of Nehru as well as the history of India's freedom struggle. Nehru was elected the president of Congress for the first time at a young age of forty. He used the platform of the Lahore conference to declare the goal of complete freedom or Purna Swaraj. The Civil Disobedience movement was formally launched after the Lahore Congress, and Nehru whole heartedly plunged himself in the non-violent protests and picketing that took the nation by storm. Nehru was arrested again in 1930, beginning the second and the longest phase of his prison stays. On his release, he formed the Socialist party within the Congress and insisted on more stern and immediate measures to realise the goal of India's freedom.
 With Bose and Gandhi forming the two feuding camps, Nehru was once more faced with a political dilemma. However, he decided to side with Gandhi and his methods. Bose resigned as the Congress president, and Nehru's status in the Congress reached a height previously unattained. This year started a new phase in Nehru's career, especially after his denial to come to a compromise with the Muslim League.

With the clouds of World War II looming large in the horizon, Nehru's skill in international relations would be tested once more. Nehru did not support Bose's policy of siding with the Axis forces, and intended to extend support to the Allies. In the mean time, the Second Round Table conference failed and Gandhi launched the Quit India movement in 1942. Nehru was arrested and was released only in 1945. By the time the World War II was over and the new Labor Government of Britain seemed willing to grant India its long deserved freedom. However, the British Government wanted to adopt a policy of waiting and watching the result of the general elections of 1945.
Nehru was once again at the center of activities. He was arrested. His refusal to comply with Jinnah's claims made partition inevitable, as Jinnah called for direct action. Although his fight for Indian freedom stood on the verge of success, Nehru knew his work was far from over. He had to build a new India and had to guide the nascent economy towards success.
Many women of the Nehru family too had joined the Civil Disobedience Movement. Kamala Nehru, Jawaharlal Nehru's wife gave full support to her husband in his desire to work actively for the freedom struggle.   born and brought up in a traditional Hindu Brahmin family, she felt alienated amongst the more Westernized Nehrus. It was only with the involvement of the Nehrus in the national movement, that she emerged into the forefront. In the Non Cooperation movement of 1921, she organized groups of women in Allahabad and picketed shops selling foreign cloth and liquor. When her husband was arrested to prevent him delivering a "seditious" public speech, she went in his place to read it out. She was twice arrested by British authorities.
Jawaharlal Nehur's sister Vijayalakshmi Pandit also joined Non Cooperation Movement. She was arrested in 1932 and sent to and sentenced to one year's rigorous imprisonment. She was arrested in 1940, and yet again during the Quit India Movement. She attended the Pacific Relations Conference at Hot Springs, U.S.A. as leader of the Indian delegation sponsored by the Indian Council of World Affairs. She was present in San Francisco when the U.N first met there, and through numerous well attended public lectures she challenged the British dominated delegates rights to represent India therein.She also played a great role in the freedom movement. She was elected to Uttar Pradesh Assembly in 1936 and in 1946. She was the first woman in India to hold a ministerial rank. She was imprisoned thrice for taking part in the Civil Disobedience Movement in 1932. 1941 and 1942. After Independence, she continued to serve the country. She was the first woman to become president of the United Nations General Assembly
The most remarkable of women in modern India’s was Indira Gandhi who from her early years was active in the national liberation struggle. During the 1930 movement, she formed the ‘Vanar Sena’. A children’s brigade to help freedom fighters.

Her public activity entered a new phase with India’s Independence in 1947. She took over the responsibility of running the Prime Minister’s House. The Congress, which had been her political home ever since her childhood, soon drew her into leading political roles, first as member of the Congress Working Committee in 1955 and later as member of the Central Parliamentary Board in 1958. In 1959, she was elected President of the Indian National Congress. She oriented Congress thinking and action towards basic issues confronting Indian society and enthused the younger generation the task of nation-building.
Her son Rajeev Gandhi took office after his mother's assassination on 31 October 1984; he himself was assassinated on 21 May 1991. He became the youngest Prime Minister of India when he took office at the age of 40
Rajiv Gandhi led the Congress to a major election victory in 1984  He contributed towards dismantling the Licence raj government quotas, tariffs and permit regulations on economic activity - modernized the telecommunications industry, the education system, expanded science and technology initiatives and improved relations with the United States.
In 1988, Rajiv reversed the coup in Maldives antagonising the militant Tamil outfits such as PLOTE. He was also responsible for first intervening and then sending Indian troops (Indian Peace Keeping Force or IPKF) for peace efforts in Sri Lanka in 1987, which soon ended in open conflict with the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) group.
while campaigning in 1991Rajiv Gandhi  was assassinated by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE or Tamil Tigers) group. His widow Sonia Gandhi became the leader of the Congress party in 1998, and led the party to victory in the 2004 elections.

photo credit google

Wednesday, 25 January 2012

Republic Day

Tomorrow is the Republic Day of India ,a long awaited national holiday and in case , clubbed together with a weekend its a bonus, a get away from work  for a long weekend . I doubt many of us even bother to remember the architects  or the history  behind formation of India and Pakistan (Pakistan  obtained its independence from the British Raj the 14th of August 1947. 23rd March was originally supposed to commemorate the adoption of the first constitution of Pakistan and thus the declaration of Pakistan as a republic)
To mark the importance of the occasion, every year a grand parade is held in the capital, New Delhi, from the Raisina Hill near the Rashtrapati Bhavan (President's Palace), along the Rajpath, past India Gate . Prior to its commencement, the Prime Minister lays a floral wreath at the Amar Jawan Jyoti, a memorial to unknown soldiers at the India Gate at one end of Rajpath, which is followed by two minutes silence in the memory of unknown soldiers. Thereafter he/she reaches the main dais at Rajpath to join other dignitaries, subsequently the President arrives along with the chief guest of the occasion and unfurls the National flag, which is followed by The Beating Retreat ceremony which officially denotes the end of Republic Day festivities. It is conducted on the evening of January 29, the third day after the Republic Day.
 The partition of India was set forth in the Indian Independence Act 1947 .India celebrates the adoption of the constitution on 26 January each year as Republic Day .The Constitution of India was drafted over a period of 2 years, 11 months and 17 days. The members of Constituent Assembly of India met for the first time in the year 1946 on December 9. The next meeting of the Assembly took place on August 14th, 1947 for the dominion of India in which the proposal of forming various committees was presented. Such committees include Committee on Fundamental Rights, the Union Powers Committee and Union Constitution Committee. One of the unique factors of this meeting was that the Assembly gathered as the Sovereign Constituent Assembly of India
On 29th August, 1947 a Drafting Committee, with Dr. Ambedkar as the Chairman, was formed on the basis of the various reports submitted by the previous committees. It was in the year 1948 that a Draft Constitution including a range of proposals was formed by the concerned committee. The Constituent Assembly of India held two meetings in February 1948 and October 1949 to go through the clauses of the Draft. Finally,
the Indian Constitution was enacted by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949, and came into effect on 26 January 1950. The date 26 January was chosen to commemorate the Purna Swaraj declaration of independence  of 1930. With its adoption, the Union of India officially became the modern and contemporary Republic of India and it replaced the Government of India Act 1935 as the country's fundamental governing document. The Constitution declares India to be sovereign , socialist , secular , democratic republic  , assuring its citizens of justice , equality ,and liberty that we enjoy .


Wednesday, 21 December 2011

Weakened Kings of Delhi during British Empire.....

In 1526 the 1st battle of panipat was fought between Babur ( who hailed from Ferghana the modern Uzbekistan) and Ibrahim Shah Lodhi.The Mughal Empire superseded the Delhi Sultanate as rulers of northern India. In time, the state thus founded by Babur far exceeded the bounds of the Delhi Sultanate, eventually encompassing a major portion of India and earning the appellation of Empire.Founded in 1526,it officially survived untill 1858,when supplanted by the Btitish Empire. The greatest portions of Mughal expansion was accomplished during the reign of Akbar (Babur's grand son who succeeded Humayun at the age of 13 after Humayun's death). The empire was maintained as the dominant force of the present-day Indian subcontinent for a hundred years further by his successors Jahangir, Shah Jahan, and Aurangzeb. The first six emperors, who enjoyed power both de jure and de facto, are usually referred to by just one name, a title adopted upon his accession by each emperor.

, the empire fell into succession crisis after the death of Aurangzeb. Except Muhammad Shah, none of the Mughal emperors could hold on to power for a decade.  the Empire suffered the depredations of invaders like Nadir Shah of Persia and Ahmed Shah Abdali of Afghanistan, who repeatedly attacked  Delhi, the Mughal capital. Most of the empire's territories in India passed to the Marathas, Nawabs, and Nizams by c. 1750. After the Battle of Buxur in  1764 the Mughal Emperors lost effective power in favor of the British. In 1804, the blind and powerless Shah Alam II formally accepted the protection of the British East India Company.The Emperors Of India now were being reffered as Kings of Delhi by Britishers. The once glorious and mighty Mughal army was disbanded in 1805 by the British; only the guards of the Red Fort were spared to serve with the King Of Delhi, which avoided the uncomfortable implication that British sovereignty was outranked by the Indian monarch. Nonetheless, for a few decades afterward the BEIC continued to rule the areas under its control as the nominal servants of the emperor and in his name. In 1857, even these courtesies were disposed. The British rule abolished the institution altogether after some rebels in the Sepoy Rebellion declared their allegiance to Shah Alam's descendant, Bahadur Shah II, the British Raj decided to abolish the institution altogether. They deposed the last Mughal emperor in 1857 and exiled him to Burma, where he died in 1862.

Wednesday, 23 November 2011


".We walked night and day. There were men and women of all ages and all conditions. Many could not stand the strain. They-mostly women and children-were left on the road. I reached a place called Fazilka, in Indian territory, and discovered that another refugee column in which my father and other relatives had set out had fared much worse. They had been attacked by Muslim mobs on their way: Only 40 or 50 had survived out of 400 or 500 and even these were in hospitals. My aunt had been killed, more than a hundred girls were abducted, and my father rescued from a heap of the dead.

...While in Fazilka, we saw other refugee columns coming in; one of them he says was 'forty miles long', and in another marched " five hundred women who had been stripped naked.......I saw women with their breasts, noses, ears and cheeks of them told me how her child was roasted and she was asked to partake of the same.....another was ravished in the presence of her husband who was kept tied to a tree".
— Stated under oath by Madanlal Pahwa during the Mahatama Gandhi Murder Trial.(Wikipedia)

 If i had to rate the  most shameful event in the history of the world , i would rank partition of india on top. The year 1947 marked the end of the British Rule in the Subcontinent. The departure of the British from the subcontinent led to the creation of two independent states, Pakistan and India.Muslims moved to Pakistan ,and Sikhs and Hindus moved to India. Several books give an account of the tragedy of the partition  that plagued the subcontinent  The year 1947 records the gruesome human disaster in the wake of partition. The incredible suffering and bewilderment were witnessed by the people on either side of the subcontinent.It lead to the killing of innocent people on both sides..   Several  books and novels written give a vivid  account  of the communal violence that erupted in the subcontinent when the British announced its division into Pakistan and India. The most affected area was the Punjab province since it was one of the two provinces that were divided into two halves. This led to huge migration from one city to another to seek a peaceful land for their survival while giving rise to unprecedented violence and crime scenes.During the tragic history of partition, vicious acts were not confined only to the adults. Even children were also exposed to same violent and angry world.They too could not escape the harsh realities.But women became worst hit victim of this event.The partition narratives are testimony to the fact that the women of Sikhs, Hindus and Muslims were among ―the greatest victims of religious and cultural persecution. On both sides of the newly created border, women were kidnapped, abducted, raped and brutally kille . And the violence inflicted upon women was equivalent to a sacrilege against one‘s religion, country, and family. It  became the norm of the victors that they  celebrated their triumphs on the bodies of women while crossing all the limits of humanism.And most abhorring act was, scores of women were killed, mutilated , their breasts cut and sent across the border.
Train to Pakistan a novel by famous writer, Khushwant Singh says: ―The fact is both sides killed. Both shot and stabbed and speared and clubbed. Both tortured. Both raped. The peaceful and serene atmosphere of Mano Majra(a character in the novel) starts to crumble when a group of dacoits kill Ram Lal(a character in the novel) – the money lender. The situation is worsened when two ghost trains arrive from Pakistan, full of murdered Sikhs and Hindus. All of them have been gruesomely hacked to pieces. The severity of the situation can be judged from the fact that the fuel stock for pyre to burn Train to Pakistan mentions the mutilated breasts of the bodies arriving from the Pakistani side.

I have read that these breasts were sent across the border stuffed in gunny bags ,i dont hink there could have been worse example of inhumanism than what was seen in 1947. I also wonder was there a real need to divide our country , It would have saved millions of lives .  There would be no enemity between Hindus and Muslims ,which had been implanted by British rule , untill then they lived like a family.And i feel very proud to say we still live like one in this country, inspite of what all has happened in past ,Britishers divide and rule policy could not stain us for life.

         photograph courtesy jas fotography

Sunday, 30 October 2011

The Jallianwala Bagh massacre..........

"'I think it quite possible that I could have dispersed the crowd without firing but they would have come back again and laughed, and I would have made, what I consider, a fool of myself." — Brigadier -General Reginald E H Dyer's response to the Hunter Commission Enquiry

The Jallianwala Bagh massacre  took place in the  Jallianwala Bagh public garden in the northern Indian city of Amritsar, and was ordered by General Dyer. On Sunday 13 April 1919 (which happened to be 'Baisakhi'—one of Punjab's largest religious festivals), fifty British Indian Army soldiers commanded by Dyer began shooting at an unarmed gathering of men, women, and children without warning. Dyer marched his fifty riflemen to a raised bank and ordered them to kneel and fire. Dyer ordered soldiers to reload their rifles several times and they were ordered to shoot to kill. Official Government of India sources estimated the fatalities at 379, with 1,100 wounded. Civil Surgeon Dr Williams DeeMeddy indicated that there were 1,526 casualties.The casualty number quoted by the Indian National Congress was more than 1,500, with approximately 1,000 killed On April 10, 1919, there was a protest at the residence of the Deputy Commissioner of Amritsar, a city in Punjab, a large province in the northwestern part of the then unpartitioned India. The demonstration was to demand the release of two popular leaders of the Indian Independence Movement,Satya Pal  and Saifuddin Kitchlew, who had been earlier arrested by the government and removed to a secret location. Both were proponents of the Satyagraha movement led by  Gandhi ji. The crowd was shot at by a military picket, killing several protesters. The shooting set off a series of violent events. Later the same day, several banks and other government buildings, including the Town Hall and the railway station were attacked and set afire. The violence continued to escalate, culminating in the deaths of at least five Europeans, including government employees and civilians. There was retaliatory shooting at crowds from the military several times during the day, and between eight and twenty people were killed.
For the next two days, the city of Amritsar was quiet, but violence continued in other parts of the Punjab. Railway lines were cut, telegraph posts destroyed, and government buildings burnt. Three Europeans were murdered. By April 13, the British government had decided to put most of the Punjab under martial law. The legislation restricted a number of civil liberties, including freedom of assembly. Gatherings of more than four people were banned On April 13, the holiday of Baisakhi, thousands of Hindus, Sikhs and Muslims gathered in the Jallianwala Bagh (garden) near the Harmandir Sahib in Amritsar. Baisakhi is a Sikh festival.  During this time people celebrate by congregating in religious and community fairs, and there may have been a large number who were unaware of the political meeting.
An hour after the meeting began as scheduled at 4:30 pm, Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer marched a group of sixty-five Gurkha and twenty-five Baluchi soldiers into the Bagh, fifty of whom were armed with rifles. Dyer had also brought two armoured cars armed with machine guns, however the vehicles were stationed outside the main gate as they were unable to enter the Bagh through the narrow entrance.
The Jallianwala Bagh was bounded on all sides by houses and buildings and had few narrow entrances, most of which were kept permanently locked. The main entrance was relatively wider, but was guarded by the troops backed by the armoured vehicles. General Dyer ordered troops to begin shooting without warning or any order to disperse, and to direct shooting towards the densest sections of the crowd. He continued the shooting, approximately 1,650 rounds in all, until the ammunition supply was almost exhausted.
Apart from the many deaths directly from the shooting, a number of people died in stampedes at the narrow gates or by jumping into the solitary well on the compound to escape the shooting. A plaque in the monument at the site, set up after independence, says that 120 bodies were pulled out of the well.
The wounded could not be moved from where they had fallen, as a curfew had been declared – many more died during the night.
The number of deaths caused by the shooting is disputed. While the official figure given by the British inquiry into the massacre is 379 .Since the official figures were likely flawed considering the size of the crowd (15,000–20,000), number of rounds shot and period of shooting, the politically interested Indian National Congress instituted a separate inquiry of its own, with conclusions that differed considerably from the Government's. The casualty number quoted by the INC was more than 1,500, with approximately 1,000 killed. Despite the Government's best efforts to suppress information of the massacre, news spread elsewhere in India and widespread outrage ensued; however, the details of the massacre did not become known in Britain until December 1919.

Sunday, 16 October 2011


How many of us, have cared to understand the meaning of our National Anthem,that we rhyme on our Independence ,Republic and all our National days and events and stand proud with our head held high

 Our National Anthem ,is one of its kind , which was written not in praise of the country but  in praise of  King George V.The story goes like this......Till 1911,Bengal was the capital of India,In the year 1905  Delhi was declared the capital of India which was a  result, of an agitation started by Indians against Britisher's  proposed plan of division of Bengal .Since the agitation  spread all over India and the situation, became difficult for Britishers to handle ,they invited King George V, to India to supress /calm down Indians.Dr Rabindra Nath Tagore was then, put under pressure to write a welcome song for the King. At that point of time Rabindra Nath Tagore wrote 'Jana  Gana Mana..." now our National Anthem.When George V went back to England he asked for the translation of the song , as he could not follow a word when it was sung in his welcome.And after hearing the translation , he said that he has never been praised like that in his own country,so Rabindra Nath Tagore be called to England , and also ordered to honour him with A Nobel Prize.
Since Gandhi ji did not approve of his writing this song and fear of Gandhi ji's anger forced him to decline the honours, instead he suggested the King , that if he really be honoured then honour him on another book of his poetry named Geetanjali written by him ,to which the King agreed , thus was honoured with a Nobel Prize for the same in 1914. Now it's for us Indians to decide whether we should continue to accept Jana Gana Mana ,as our National Anthem or opt for Vande Matram which is an equally popular patriotic song .......Meaning goes as under.......


Jana Gana Mana,adhinayak jaya hai bharat bhagya vidhata ,                                                                 
Punjab Sindh Gujrat Maratha Dravir Utkal Bangah Vind Himachal    
Yamuna Ganga utkl jal dit ranga,tab shubh naame jaage tab shub 
ashish maage gaye jan ye gatha.Jana Gana Mana adhinayak jaya hai bharat
bhagya vidhata jaya hai jaya hai jaya jaya jaya jaya ho.....
indian citizens consider you a super hero,all the states of india,Punjab,Sindh,Gujrat
,Maharashtra,South india,Orissa,Bengal, all the rivers Yamuna,Ganga are happy and thrilled on your arrival.
  we live chanting  your name and we need blessings from you and we sing songs of you,O super  hero you are great.
please spread the word or share the link if you u do not accept ourNational Anthem any more after understanding the true meaning of it.......